The Cabinet of the Masks is one of the many hidden treasures you can find at the Vatican Museum. Though many visit the Sistine Chapel and the Raphael Rooms on their trip to the enclave city, few visitors take the time to check out this amazing room. This makes it one of the best-hidden gems you can include on your trip to the Vatican.
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The History of the Cabinet of Masks
The story of the Cabinet of the Masks begins with architect Allesandro Dori. He was a Roman architect also known for his work on the facade of the Biblioteca Marucelliana in Tuscany. One of the finest architects of the late 18th century, he jumped at the opportunity to work for the Holy See.
In 1771, he was given this opportunity. He chose to center his work on one of the halls weaving through the Palazzeto Innocent VIII. The hall was, in fact, originally intended for museum use, a role it continues to play to this day.
Though some of Dori’s work still remains, much of the hall was redone just ten years later by Michelangelo Simonetti. His neo-classical style can be seen throughout the Vatican, including the main rotunda of the Vatican Museums, the Halls of Muses and Animals, and the Candelabra Gallery.
Simonetti’s revisions can largely be seen today. He commissioned the artists Cristoforo Unterperger and Domenico De Angelis to paint the elegantly detailed paintings and stuccoed decorations that line the walls of the Hall of Masks. At its center, Simonetti installed a tiled mosaic taken straight out of the villa of Emperor Hadrian in Tripoli. Of the depictions, several figures wearing masks can be seen, which is where the hall derives its name: The Cabinet of Masks.
Features of the Cabinet of Masks
Along with tiled mosaics, paintings, and stucco that decorate this beautiful room, the Cabinet of Masks also features several works of sculpture. These are almost exclusively female designs and are inspired by ancient Greek mythology. Aphrodite serves as the main subject, with several renditions of the Goddess of Beauty looking over the room. Nymphs and graces can also be found among the statuary.
Some of the highlights of the paintings include the Marriage of Bacchus and Ariadne. It depicts the mythological story of Bacchus (the God of wine-making, harvest, and fertility, also known as Dionysus) marrying the human Ariadne, who figures in the story of Theseus. According to legend, Theseus abandoned Ariadne on a deserted island on his long journey that ended with his founding of Athens.
According to the story, Bacchus took pity on the abandoned Ariadne and married her. Surrounding this painting are Diana and Endymion, Venus and Adonis, Paris denying Minerva the apple, and Paris offering the apple to Venus. All three of these paintings were made by Domenico De Angelis, one of the finest of his day.
When you visit the Cabinet of Masks, look out the Dung Chair, made of dark rose marble. A toilet fit for a pope, this chair saw use for several centuries of holy pontiffs. The chair was popularly associated with the likely fictional female Pope Joan who supposedly reigned in the years A.D. 853-855. Legend has it that, to avoid a repeat of the election of a woman, each new pope was subjected to a thorough examination while sitting on this chair to make sure it was not a woman in disguise.
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How Can I Visit the Cabinet of Masks?
As mentioned before, this is one of the more restricted areas of the Vatican Museums. You simply won’t be able to visit this room without a guide. The Vatican Museums runs a tour particularly focused on the more off-limits areas of the museum, but this will cost you up to €200, and won’t include other parts of the Vatican Museums.
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